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Verner Panton

Verner Panton

Verner Panton

Verner Panton was one of the most innovative and creative designers of the 20th Century. He is considered one of Demark’s most influential furniture and interior designers.

During his career he created innovative and futuristic designs in a variety of materials but he showed a preference for plastics and metal. Everything he created was colorful and happy and his style is closely identified with the 1960s.

Verner Panton pioneered inflatable furniture, produced the first single molded plastic chair and created the first transparent chair made from acrylic glass. Between 1968 and 1971 he created surprising landscapes for Bayer, which have achieved cult status. His design made a come-back  at the end of the 20th century and many of his best-known furniture models are still in production today.

Panton was trained as an architectural engineer in Odense, and studied architecture at the Royal Danish Academy of Art (Det Kongelige Danske Kunstakademi) in Copenhagen, graduating in 1951. During the first two years of his career, he worked at the architectural practice of Arne Jacobsen, another well-known Danish architect and furniture designer.

Panton turned out to be an “enfant terrible”. Founding his own design bureau, he became known for his innovative architectural proposals, including a collapsible house (1955), the Cardboard House and the Plastic House (1960).

Verner Panton had a great flair for chairs which he designed in increasingly unconventional shapes and forms. In 1960, Panton designed the very first single-form injection-molded plastic chair: the Stacking chair or S chair, which would become his most famous mass-produced design.

In the late 1960s and early 1970s, Verner Panton experimented with designing entire environments: radical and psychedelic interiors that were an assembly of his curved furniture, wall upholstering, textiles and lighting. During this time he designed several fair stands, a boat interior as well as the interior of a hotel.

The following is a list of his chairs and lighting designs that were produced for public consumption. Prototypes and productions for Bayer are not included in this list.  


Work:  


1955
Chairs


Tivoli

By Fritz Hansens Eftf., Denmark. 
Steel frame covered with Rotan Peddigrohr or Plastic. This is among the first chairs that Panton designed.



Bachelor

By Fritz Hansens Eftf., Denmark.
Stackable tubular steel frame (5 interlocking steel parts) covered with suede or poplin canvas slings in blue, red, yellow, turquoise, black or brown. Pillow was optional. This was a low-budget , easy to mount chair and became Panton’s first commercial success. The Beugel Stoel (1927) by Gerrit Rietveld served as inspiration for this design.  

1958
Chairs


Cone Chair

By Plus-Linje, Denmark.
Thin steel plate with cross-shaped foot, removable seat cushion upholstered with leather or woolen fabric over foam rubber. White or black gliders. Original fabric has zig-zag stitches in the front. This design was originally created for the Komigen Inn at Langeso Flowerpark, Denmark and due to the success it encountered, mass-produced by Plus-Linje, Denmark.   

Lighting
Komigen Lamp
By Torben Orskov, Denmark. Limited Production.
Verner Panton designed his first lamps for his father’s restaurant and bar named Komigen (Funen, Denmark). This lamp design was exclusively produced for his father’s restaurant.  ;

1959
Chairs


Cone Wire Chair
By Plus-Linje, Denmark.
Frame made of electrogalvanized stainless steel wire with cross-shaped foot. Removable seat cushion upholstered with woolen fabric over foam rubber. Round or Square foot gliders.  


Heart Cone Chair
By Plus-Linje, Denmark.
Steel frame with cross-shaped foot, removable seat cushion, upholstered with woolen fabric over foam rubber.  

Club Chair
By Plus-Linje, Denmark.
Frame made of stainless steel wire. Seat and backrest upholstered with woolen fabric over foam rubber.  


C1 Chair

By Fritz Hansens Eftf., Denmark.
Steel shell covered with woolen fabric over foam rubber. Tubular steel bar on round pedestal or cross-shaped foot. This chair was inspired by the moon landing. Panton also designed a clear acrylic glass version of this chair, with a cone base.  


Kaufeld System Furniture

By Hans Kaufeld, Germany.
Frame made of steel, upholstered with woolen fabric over foam rubber. Cross shaped base available in chrome or white. Armrest optional and removable. Panton also designed a stool and table with a laminated wood top.  

Lighting


Topan Pendant (16570-74)

By Louis Poulsen, Denmark.
Half globe made of stainless steel with either porcelain enamel in red, blue, turquoise, orange or polished aluminium.  The lamp came with a fabric wire in matching color. The Topan Pendant was also offered with optional diffuser and Alux mirror reflector. This was the first mass produced lamp by Verner Panton.  

1960
Chairs


Pneumatic Cushion Furniture

By Plus-Linje, Denmark.
Inflatable plastic stool with 4 separate air chambers. The first recorded inflatable chair in history. A combination of 4 of these cushions would make a nice day bed. Panton was way ahead of his time when he invented this inflatable stool in 1960.  


Acrylglas

By Plus-Linje, Denmark.
Bent acrylic glass, transparent or colored. This series was truly futuristic and the first see-through plastic chair ever to be produced. It gave the impression of “floating” people.  


Peacock Chair

By Plus-Linje, Denmark.
Consisting of a bowl shaped top and a cylindrical foot made from electrogalvanized stainless steel wire. The two parts were connectable with clips for a floor standing version. The bowl shaped top could be used separately and hung from the ceiling. The chair had 6 removable seat cushions upholstered with woolen fabric over foam rubber.  


Modular Chair

By Plus-Linje, Denmark.
Steel plated cross-shaped foot with white removable plastic top. Cushions covered with woolen fabric over foam rubber. The Modular Chair could be connected with each other.  

1961
Chairs & Furniture


Cube System 61
By Plus-Linje, Denmark.
Cubes  made from acrylic glass in 3 different sizes, also usable as tables.  


France & Son System Furniture

By France & Son, Denmark.
Breaking with his traditional use of metal and plastic, Panton used wood for this furniture, which harmonized well with concrete constructions.  

Lighting


Moon Pendant, Visor (16568)
By Louis Poulsen, Denmark.
Ten adjustable white or opal white rings - made of aluminum or
acrylic plastic, depending on the model - suspended on a central metal bar. One of the earliest productions from Panton, reminiscent of the different phases of the moon.  

1963
Chairs
Flying Shell made from laminated bent wood, covered with orange wool fabric. Introduced at Möbelmesse and Interior Frankfurt in 1964.  

Storz & Palmer Seating
By Storz & Palmer, Germany.
Bent-wood frame upholstered with woolen fabric over foam rubber.  

1964
Lighting
Fun Lamp
By J. Luber AG, Switzerland.
6476 discs made from mother of pearl were hung with the help of 480 meters of metal chains on a metal frame.  

Aluminium Fun Lamp
By J. Luber AG, Switzerland.
A variation of the mother of pearl Fun Lamp.  

1965
Chairs
Partyset
By A. Sommer for Declina, Germany.
Frame made of wood, removable seat cushion of vinyl over foam rubber. Set of 5 pieces. Stools also offer storage space. Was available in white, red, black or green.  

1966
Chairs
Seating System 270F
By A. Sommer for Thonet, Germany.
Laminated bent wood. The back-rest was removable. Panton also created a stool and table for this system.    

S Chair
By A. Sommer for Thonet.
Bent laminated wood. Panton already designed it in 1956 but it took 10 years until it entered production.  

Kill Modular Furniture System
By Kill & Metzeler Schaum for Kaufhof, Germany.
Modular building blocks made from Polyurethan Foam Rubber upholstered with Velours, Perlon or Carpet.  

1967
Chairs
Seating System 400
By Thonet, Germany.
Frame made from chrome plated steel, seat and back rest upholstered with woolen fabric over foam rubber.  

Modular Seating System 420
By Thonet, Germany.
Frame made from chromium plated, interlocking steel bars, assembled with ball shaped screws. Removable seat cushion, upholstered with velvet fabric over foam rubber. Individual units could be combined to form a seating range. Arm- and back-rests were removable.  

Dux Seat
By Dux-Möbel, Denmark. Limited Production.
Tubular steel frame, upholstered with woolen fabric over foam rubber.  

System Furniture 430
By Thonet, Germany.
Frame made from tubular steel, seat made from wood, upholstered with woolen fabric over foam rubber. Panton also designed a coffee table and dining table for this system.  

Panton Chair
This is one of the most famous chairs of the 20th century. Panton created the first version of this cantilevered chair from molded plastic. Throughout the years both the producers and the material used changed.

  • 1967 to 1968 Production by Herman Miller, Switzerland and Fehlbaum, Germany. Made from  Luran-S from Bayer.
  • 1968 to 1971 and again in 1983. Production by Herman Miller, Switzerland and Fehlbaum, Germany. Made from Polyurethan.
  • 1971 to 1979 Production by Herman Miller, USA and Fehlbaum, Germany. Made from  Polystyrol.
  • 1999 till today. Production by Vitra, Germany. Made from Polypropylen.  

1968

Chairs
Between 1968 and 1971 Werner Panton produced many designs for the Dralon division of Bayer. Most of these designs were never mass produced.  

Lighting
Illumese
By Louis Poulsen, Denmark.
Two separate composite structures that were assembled from acrylic glass and offered in white, orange, red or purple (rarest color).  

Flower Pot
By Luis Poulsen, Denmark.
Stainless steel, porcelain enamel existed in orange, red, blue, white, turquoise or chrome. The lamp was supplied with a matching fabric cord.  

1969

Chairs
Living Tower
  • 1969 – 1970 Production by Herman Miller, Switzerland and Fehlbaum, Germany
  • 1970 – 1975 Production by Fritz Hansen, Denmark 1997 (only 11 pieces produced) by Stega for Panton Design, Switzerland
  • From 1999 Production by Vitra, Germany  

Lighting

Wonder Lamp
By J. Luber AG, Switzerland.
This lamp was assembled from 2 different sizes of “Cellidor “plastic balls that came in 3 different variations of the same color, red or blue. The ensemble was suspended from a plastic ceiling disc with a choice of red, blue or black.  

1970
Chairs
Hukla Chair
By Hukla, Germany. Limited Production.
Bent-wood frame, upholstered with woolen fabric over foam rubber.   Lighting:

VP-Globe
By Louis Poulsen, Denmark.
Composite globe structure made from transparent acrylic glass, including five reflectors in aluminum spheres with a lacquered finish. Colored lacquered inside (blue, orange and white), suspended by 3 steel ball chains. Black fabric wire.  

Spiral Lamp SP Series
By J. Luber AG, Switzerland.
“Cellidor” plastic spirals suspended by thin nylon strings or metal rings from a plastic ceiling disc or a frame of 4 metal rings. Colors: white, orange, red, bordeaux red, purple, light blue, dark blue, pink. or in chrome.  

1971
Chairs
Pantonova System Furniture (100 series)
By Fritz Hansens Eftf., Denmark: X-Design Studio, Germany; Luber, Switzerland.
Frame made of chrome plated steel wire. Seat upholstered with removable woolen fabric over foam. The Pantonova System contained roughly 28 different types of furniture, including a chair, relaxer, stool, barstool, ashtray, coffee table, dining table, cube, plant stand, coat rack, etc.  

Lighting
Spion Lamp
By Louis Poulsen, Denmark.
Metal half globe reflector, outside polished, inside pink. Underlying bowl of synthetic metalized material; could be attached to a wall or ceiling.  

Panthella
By Louis Poulsen, Denmark.
This lamp received a design distinction: “Bundespreis Gute Form” in Germany in 1972.  

Kreis Light
By Alma Rossin, Switzerland. Limited production.
This was a joint venture between the Europa Grand Hotel and Mira-X (Verner Panton’s design studio). The lamp was available in 5 different sizes.  

1972
Lighting
Wire Lamp.
By J. Luber AG, Switzerland.
Chrome plated steel wire frame with a “Cellidor” plastic shade. The lamp was produced in 3 different sizes and 4 different colored shades: red, yellow, white, brown. The shades were interchangeable.  

1973
Chairs
1-2-3 System Furniture (Model A6101)
By Fritz Hansen, Denmark.
Tubular steel frame, round steel foot, removable seat cushion. Some models could be connected to form a long seating range. Over 20 different models with 3 different upholstery qualities were available.  

1974
Chairs
Relaxer 2 Chair
By Rosenthal, Germany.
Wood frame (natural, black or white), upholstered with fabric or leather (removable) over foam rubber. Each chair has the Rosenthal stamp on the front.  

1977
Lighting
Yamagiwa Flower Pendant
By Yamagiwa, Japan. Limited production for Japanese market.
White painted metal. The lamp was produced in 2 sizes.  

Panto Pendant
By Luis Poulsen, Denmark.
Composite globe structure made from transparent acrylic glass. Four spherical aluminum reflectors with white lacquered finish; suspended by 3 steel ball chains. Black fabric wire. This was a variation of the 1970 Panto Globe.   

Between 1978 and 1983 Werner Panton produced many different designs but most remained prototypes or where produced in small quantities.  

1980
Lighting
VP Europa Pendant
By Louis Poulsen, Denmark.
Milk and clear glass, chromium plated base, metal stem (for floor lamp). The lamp was first introduced at the “Scan Fair” in 1979.  

Pan-top
By Luber, Elteva, Regent, Indoor, Switzerland.
Two part structure consisting of a spherical chrome shade and stem, both chrome plated. The stem was weighted. This lamp was available in lacquered white or red, as well as in silver or gold metal.  

1981
Chairs
Plastifil Stool
By Plastifil, Switzerland.
Frame from chrome plated steel wire. Rare.  

Self-stabilizing stool
By Plastifil, Switzerland. Limited production.
Raindrop shaped frame of bent chromium plated steel wire with a metal ball shaped counter weight.  

Lighting
Acrylic Lamp
By Art Line, Germany.
Made from marble and acrylic glass. The lamp was produced in 2 models: for tables and for floors. Verner Panton also created a matching table for the Art Line.  

1983
Chairs
Decapo (4350)
By Fritz Hansens Eftf., Denmark.
Acrylic fabric slings (white, black, blue/white) attached to a bent-wood frame and covered with a thin layer of foam rubber. This is a re-edition of the Bachelor chair from 1955.  

1984
Chairs
New Wave
By Holmegaards GLasvaerker A/S, Denmark.
White Glass and Metal.  

1985

Chairs
Rondo Seating System
By Trau, Italy.
Tubular steel frame, upholstered with woolen fabric, seating area and backrest made from leather or metal sheets. Rondo was designed for contemporary residential interiors and open air applications.  

Lighting
Yamagiwa Pendant
By Yamagiwa, Japan.
Lacquered stainless steel and glass shade. Panton made 5 different versions of this lamp.  

1986
Chairs
Contura Garden Furniture
By Rausch Classics, Germany.
Each chair or bench was shaped like a nude woman seen from the side.  

1992
Chairs
Pantonic
By Studio Hag, Norway.
Frame made from laminated bent wood. Simplified design based on the S Chair.  

Vipp
By PP Mobler, Denmark.
Bent tubular steel frame. Seat and back rest in leather or rattan.  

1993

Chairs
Shogun (EJ12)
By Erik Jorgensen Mobelfabrik, Denmark.
Frame of Polycarbonate plastic on casters, seat and back rest upholstered with leather or Alcantara fabric over foam rubber.  

1994

Chairs
Vilbert
By Ikea, Sweden.
Chair consisting of 4 laminated wood panels in vivid colors. This chair was not a commercial success.  

Tatami
By Kohseki, Japan.
Very low bent-wood chair designed for the Japanese market. Inspired by the Panton and S Chair.  

Dondolo
By Ycami Edizioni, Italy.
Round tubular aluminium frame, inner circles covered with leather or wool fabric over foam rubber. This is a variation of the Rondo (1985) and Vipp Chairs (1992).  

Heart Cone Chair VP02.
By Polythema, Germany.
Rigid leather or wood frame, removable seat cushion upholstered with woolen fabric or leather over foam rubber. This is a variation of the original K3 Cone Chair from 1959.  

Cone Chair VP01
By Polythema, Germany.
Acrylic glass frame, removable seat cushion upholstered with woolen fabric over foam rubber. Black or chrome plated foot.  

Z
By Polythema, Germany.
Bent tubular steel frame. Seat cushion upholstered with woolen fabric over foam rubber. Available in chrome, blue or silver-bronze.  

1995

Chairs
Pantoflex Series
By VS Vereinigte Spezialmöbelfabriken, Germany
The Pantoflex Edition consists of 5 different models: PantoSwing, PantoGlide, PantoFour, PantoTurn and PantoStack.  

Lighting
Polythema Lamp
Compelex Denmark for Polythema , Germany.
Cone made from acrylic glass with white bottom. Colors: white, blue, yellow or red. Only 1200 lamps were produced.  

1998
Chairs
Phantom Chair/Table
By Inovation Randers, Denmark.
Molded Polypropylen plastic in white, black, red, pink, dark and light blue. This was the last chair designed by Verner Panton.  

Lighting
Panto Beam
By Innovation Randers A/S, Denmark.
Lacquered stainless steel, cross shaped foot on coasters. This lamp was adjustable in height.  

In addition to furniture and lighting, Verner Panton created a huge number of interior designs, fair stands, wall elements and fabrics.  For a full gallery of photos of all designs, please visit www.vernerpanton.com.  

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