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The Red Cross Diamond

The Red Cross Diamond

Weight: 205.07 carats


The Red Cross is the 9th biggest diamond in the world. It is a canary yellow cushion-shaped diamond with a weight of 205.07 carats. The rough stone weighed 375 carats and was found in the Kimberly mines (South Africa) in 1901. The diamond was a gift to be auctioned by Christies in London in 1918, on behalf of the British Red Cross Society and the Order of St. John.


In artificial light the stone is much more luminous than a white stone and it becomes self-luminous in the dark, emitting the rays it has absorbed. Another rare feature is that a Maltese Cross is distinctly visible in the top facet, hence the double appropriateness of its name, the Red Cross Diamond. The cutting style is what is known as a 'Stellar Brilliant' due to the eight needle-like facets on the pavilion of the stone, pointing outward from its culet facet. The Regent, the Tiffany Yellow, the Polar Star, the Koh-I-Noor and the Wittelsbach among others are all examples of 'Stellar Brilliant' cuts, and all of them (save for the Koh-I-Noor and Wittelsbach which are slightly oval in shape) are cushion-shaped diamonds.


The stone was sold for £35,575, which joined the funds for the British Red Cross Society and the Order of St. John. At the time it was stated that a member of a European royal family had bought the stone. The stone then left the scene for half a century and was put up for sale by an American businessman to be auctioned in Tokyo. The stone went unsold. The identity of the present owner remains unknown.

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Added by:  Pearly

Date:  10th May 09

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Category:   Jewels

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